Patients often neglect problems regarding the eyes because they either don’t know what to look for, or they have no idea about the different signs and symptoms.
So, how do you know if something’s wrong? First, you have to take note of the early manifestations such as red or itchy eyes, as well as visual disturbances. Second, you must observe if these conditions last for an extended period.
Lucky for you, this article helps you determine the different signs and symptoms that may develop into potential eye diseases.
#1: The Eyes Are Red And There Are Visible Veins In The Sclera
Many patients tend to dismiss red eyes, especially if they’ve had a long day at work or school. Most think that an eight-hour sleep should do the trick, but it could be a wrong assumption. Upon inspection, you might notice a few distinct red lines along your sclera. This manifestation means that you have enlarged eye veins, and they most likely have increased pressure. Possible non-serious causes may be due to lack of sleep or simple allergies (such as those triggered by food, pollen, fur, medicine, or direct contact).
On the other hand, the redness may precede the following illnesses:
- Conjunctivitis: also known as “pink eye,” is highly contagious diseases that are common among children. The conjunctiva (the clear tissue that covers the white areas of the eye) gets inflamed due to viruses, bacteria, or a reaction to irritants.
- Ongoing eye degeneration: if red eyes persist for a long time, it may indicate an ongoing degeneration or disease of the eye. Examples are cataracts and retinal damage.
Remember always to observe and take note of the progression and duration of red eyes. If over the counter eye drops fail to resolve the issue, schedule a consultation with your doctor.
#2: There Is Difficulty In Seeing At Night
Also known as “night blindness,” having a hard time seeing in the dark is a symptom, not an illness. You don’t suddenly lose the ability to see at night, so it most likely means there’s an underlying cause. Here are a few reasons for the development of night blindness:
- Old age: as you grow older, the chances of developing cataracts increases. There is cell degeneration, which leads to distortion of light entering the eye. Halos eventually form.
- Low levels of Vitamin A: sources are carrots and vegetables. Crohn’s and celiac disease, as well as a recent gastric bypass, can cause inefficient absorption of vitamin A. Consult your doctor for such cases.
- Low levels of zinc: sources are beef, nuts, and beans. Without zinc, there is no proper absorption of vitamin A.
- Continuous Exposure To Sunlight: if you don’t protect your eyes from UV rays, it may eventually develop cataracts.
- Diabetes: the increased blood sugar eventually destroys the eye vessels and leads to retinal damage.
#3: You Have A “Lazy Eye”
This condition contributes to blurry vision and night blindness because of its genetic predisposition. Having a lazy eye means that the patient’s eye had inadequate development. The brain tends to focus on the well-developed eye, further making the lazy one noticeable. Once you notice this condition in family members or friends, consult your doctor at once.
#4: There Are Sudden, Uncontrollable Movements Of The Eyes (Nystagmus)
If you notice that your eyes suddenly move irregularly, you should have it checked. Nystagmus is always characterized by fast, slow, and then fast movements again in different directions. It mostly affects both eyes, and positioning the head in unusual angles help alleviate the difficulty in focusing. The condition may continue and develop into serious, debilitating diseases. The following are the possible causes of Nystagmus:
- Hitting your head hard
- Excessive alcohol and contraband usage
- Ear abnormalities (inner)
- Intake of seizure medication
#5: There Is Difficulty In Color Distinction
Color blindness is the difficulty in distinguishing between different colors. Usually, patients cannot differentiate between red and green. The leading cause of this condition is the degeneration of the cone cells in the eyes. Risk factors are genetics, drugs, diseases, and gender (males have a higher incidence).
#6: You See Spots That Won’t Go Away
Also known as “floaters,” these dots are present during the day or night, and some patients think that this is normal for people of old ages. Unfortunately, this condition can lead to the separation of the retinal layers and ultimately cause you to see additional flashes of light or shadows. It’s better to immediately consult your doctor once you see these floaters, no matter how many.
#7: There Is A Frequent Burning Sensation Of The Eyes
If you always feel like you have something lodged in your eyes or you’re in front of an electric fan, then you probably have a high chance of developing dry eyes. Buying over the counter eye drops may be a temporary solution. Still, there is such a disease called dry eye disease, wherein your eyes can’t produce lacrimation (tears).
#8: Excessive Production Of Tears
Increased sensitivity to light, temperature, and wind may be possible acute causes, but increased lacrimation poses a more severe problem if not addressed early. There is a possibility of an ongoing infection, or blocked tear ducts. A blockage is due to the following:
- The opening of a baby’s tear ducts after birth doesn’t fully develop.
- Increased pressure due to accidents that affect the nose.
- Glaucoma medication.
#9: Increased Eye Pain, Nausea, And Vomiting
If you continue to have the sensation of increased pressure and the need to vomit, it may be a sign of a possible development to glaucoma. Glaucoma is a collective term for diseases that have an abnormally increased level of pressure and may be caused by the following:
- Direct trauma to the eyes.
- Blood vessels are blocked.
- Increased inflammation.
#10: You See A Halo, And Your Vision Is Reduced
These signs may point to a disease that significantly affects the cornea of your eyes. The cornea controls the amount of light entering the eye, and damage to the structure is due to direct trauma, injuries, infections, and toxin exposure. In addition to seeing a halo and having reduced vision, you may experience red eyes, excessive lacrimation, and sudden pain.
What Is A Possible Solution To Eye Problems?
Prescription contact lenses are an excellent solution to alleviate the different signs and symptoms before they eventually develop into eye problems. Doctors prescribe lenses because of its countless benefits, such as:
- There is an increased hydration percentage that can significantly decrease the occurrence of dry eyes.
- Some prescription contacts offer UV protection, which lowers the risk of cataract development.
- It Corrects myopia, hyperopia, and presbyopia.
- It Corrects lazy eye, together with therapy and eye exercises.
- It helps correct color blindness for non-genetic causes.
- Lenses are a treatment method for corneal diseases.
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